Istituto Motori (IM) was founded in Napoli, Italy, in 1940 with the statutory task to perform studies and research of scientific and technological kind in the field of engines, their components and the related chemical-physical phenomena. IM is the reference institute in Italy for studies and experimental researches on internal combustion engines. In this field, IM carries out both fundamental and applied research activities. Other research areas are also covered like hybrid, electrical and fuel cell powertrains, fundamental research on alternative and renewable fuels, power-generation with gas turbine.
The main fields of the research concerns the internal combustion engines are:
- Thermo-fluid dynamic phenomena of the engines carried out by means of experimental and numerical tools;
- Engine technology and system control;
- Gaseous Fuels, Alternative Fuels and Fuel-Engine Interaction;
- Vehicle-engine-environment interaction;
The available facilities include several test benches (dynamic and steady state testing) for engine and after-treatment characterization, development and optimization; special test rigs for fundamental studies (optical combustion vessel, optical engines and metal single-cylinder research engines); monodimensional and multidimensional numerical tools for modelling and simulation of the thermo-fluid-dynamic phenomena involved in engines.
In the last years, the IM has played a leading role, co-operating with industrial partners, in the technological evolution of both the internal combustion engine and the fuels. IM comprises about 90 units of staff, of which 40 are Technician and Administrative employees, and 47 Researchers and Technologists. Periodically, PhD, post-PhD and contract researchers cooperate with the permanent staff.
CRF (Centro Ricerche Fiat), headquartered in Orbassano (Turin) with other branch sites in Italy, was established in 1978. As a focal point for research activities of FCA (Fiat Chrysler Automobiles), CRF has the mission to:
- develop and transfer innovative powertrains, vehicle systems and features, materials, processes and methodologies together with innovation expertise in order to improve the competitiveness of FCA products;
- represent FCA in European collaborative research programs, joining pre-competitive projects and promoting networking actions;
- support FCA in the protection and enhancement of intellectual property.
Also through the cooperation with a pan-European and increasingly global network of more than 1700 partners from industry and academia, CRF conducts collaborative research initiatives at the national and international levels in partnership with all the key public and private stakeholders concerned with sustainable mobility, targeting specifically the industrial exploitation of research.
With a workforce of approximately 900 full-time professionals, CRF develops research and innovation along the three principal axes of sustainability: Environmental Sustainability, which encompasses all aspects relating to energy efficiency as well as to the reduction of the impact on the environment over the entire lifecycle of the vehicle; Social Sustainability, focusing on the safety of transportation systems through the development of active, passive, preventive and cooperative solutions while addressing the mobility of all users irrespective of their specific needs; Economically sustainable competitiveness, oriented towards viable innovation, i.e., improving the performance and functionality of new vehicles in a cost-effective manner while reducing the time-to-market of research results.
The CRF research activities imply strategic competences not only in the field of automotive engineering, but also in the fields of manufacturing, advanced materials, ICT and electronics, as well as a wide range of state-of-the-art laboratories and extensive test facilities, including advanced engine & vehicle testing facilities, EMC chambers and a dynamic driving simulator with immersive virtual reality.
CRF participates with a leading role in the European “Green Vehicle Initiative” and “Factories of the Future”, the Public Private Partnerships conceived by the European Commission in 2009 to focus public and private research on issues of direct and significant relevance to the Europe with regard to the competitiveness of industry and employment. Within this context, CRF is actively involved in key European Technology Platforms including: ERTRAC (road transport), EPOSS (smart systems), EUMAT (materials), MANUFU-TURE (manufacturing), each of which has proved to be particularly effective at bringing together key stakeholders within an integrated approach to research and innovation. CRF is also supporting the Joint Technology Initiative ECSEL (Electronic Components and Systems for European Leadership).
The Intellectual Property developed by CRF includes a total of 2573 patents, both granted and pending, protecting 592 inventions. Over recent years the technology-driver role of CRF has enabled the industrialization and commercialization of a significant number of distinctive and highly innovative products for FCA including, in the powertrains area: the Diesel Common Rail system (UNIJET and MultiJet), the MULTIAIRÒ system with the TwinAir engine, the CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) and the DDCT (Dual Dry Clutch Transmission) technologies; and in the vehicles area: energy saving air-conditioning systems, the Blue&MeTM connectivity product, Driving Advisor and Magic Parking driver-assistance systems and the ECODriveTM eco-navigation solutions.
Ricardo is a global strategic, technical and environmental consultancy. It is also a specialist niche manufacturer of high performance products. The company employs over 2,500 professional engineers, consultants and scientists who are committed to delivering innovative solutions, on time to meet the most demanding expectations. Our client list includes the world’s major transportation original equipment manufacturers, supply chain organisations, energy companies, financial institutions and government agencies. Ricardo Innovations is a research organisation, of over 50 people, which sits alongside Ricardo’s global business units. The focussed team manages the group’s medium and large advanced research projects across all areas of the business providing a dedicated and consistent approach to key research programmes.
The Bosch Group is a leading global supplier of technology and services. It employs roughly 360,000 associates worldwide (as per April 1, 2015). The company generated sales of 49 billion euros in 2014.* Its operations are divided into four business sectors: Mobility Solutions, Industrial Technology, Consumer Goods, and Energy and Building Technology. The Bosch Group comprises Robert Bosch GmbH and its roughly 440 subsidiary and regional companies in some 60 countries. Including its sales and service partners, Bosch is represented in roughly 150 countries. This worldwide development, manufacturing, and sales network is the foundation for further growth. In 2014, Bosch applied for some 4,600 patents worldwide. The Bosch Group’s strategic objective is to create solutions for a connected life. Bosch improves quality of life worldwide with products and services that are innovative and spark enthusiasm. In short, Bosch creates technology that is “Invented for life.”
Mobility Solutions is the largest Bosch Group business sector. In 2014, its sales came to 33.3 billion euros, or 68 percent of total group sales. This makes the Bosch Group one of the leading automotive suppliers. The Mobility Solutions business sector combines the group’s expertise in three mobility domains – automation, electrification, and connectivity – and offers its customers integrated mobility solutions. Its main areas of activity are injection technology and powertrain peripherals for internal-combustion engines, diverse solutions for powertrain electrification, vehicle safety systems, driver-assistance and automated functions, technology for user-friendly infotainment as well as car-to-car and Car2X communication, repair-shop concepts, and technology and services for the automotive aftermarket. Bosch has been responsible for important automotive innovations, such as electronic engine management, the ESP anti-skid system, and common-rail diesel technology.
*The sales figure disclosed for 2014 does not include the former joint ventures BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte GmbH (now BSH Hausgeräte GmbH) and ZF Lenksysteme GmbH (now Robert Bosch Automotive Steering GmbH), which have since been taken over completely.”
“The dieper programme aligns with our aims to develop optimised, robust and cost-effective aftertreatment technologies that perform to the best standards in the real world environment. We are proud to work with our consortium partners to further the development of advanced catalyst systems for future clean diesel applications.”
Chris Morgan, Johnson Matthey
Johnson Matthey is a global leader in sustainable technologies — many of the group’s products enhance the quality of life of millions through their beneficial impact on the environment, human health and wellbeing. We focus on clean air, clean energy and low carbon technologies and are experts in the application and recycling of precious metals.
Johnson Matthey has operations in over 30 countries and employs around 12,000 people. Our products and services are sold across the world to a wide range of advanced technology industries. A global leader in catalytic systems for emissions control, Johnson Matthey Emission Control Technologies has 14 manufacturing sites and 9 technology centres around the world. Since making the first catalysts to control vehicle pollution in 1974, Johnson Matthey has supplied 1 in 3 of all autocatalysts ever made.
"We are very proud to participate to dieper project and to collaborate with other partners for the development of the cleanest and most efficient engines for future passenger cars and light commercial vehicles. In this project Renault will design and deliver the 2,0 Diesel prototypes engines integrating new technologies and will realize the demonstrator vehicle based on the new Espace."
Philippe Mallet, Renault
Renault Group has been making cars since 1898. Today it is an international multi-brand group, selling more than 2.8 million vehicles in 128 countries in 2015, with 36 manufacturing sites, and employing more than 120,000 people. To meet the major technological challenges of the future and continue its strategy of profitable growth, the Group is harnessing its international development and the complementary fit of its three brands, Renault, Dacia and Renault Samsung Motors, together with electric vehicles, the Alliance with Nissan, and its partnerships with AVTOVAZ, Daimler and Mitsubishi. With 12 world championship titles in Formula 1 and a participation in Formula E, Renault sees motorsport as a vector of innovation, image and awareness.
AVL LIST GmbH is the world’s largest privately owned and independent company for the development of powertrain systems as well as simulation, instrumentation and test systems. AVL has about 3800 employees in Graz (over 700 graduated engineers) and a global network of 65 representations and affiliates resulting in more than 7500 employees worldwide. AVL´s Powertrain Engineering division activities are focused on the research, design and development of various powertrains in the view of low fuel consumption, low emission, low noise and improved drivability. The Advanced Simulation Technologies division develops and markets the simulation methods which are necessary for the powertrain development work. The Instrumentation and Test Systems division is an established manufacturer and provider of instruments and systems for powertrain and vehicle testing including combustion diagnostic sensors, optical systems as well as complete engine, powertrain and vehicle test beds. AVL supplies advanced development and testing solutions for conventional and hybrid vehicle components and systems like simulation platforms, development tools and system integration tools.
About IFP Energies nouvelles (IFPEN)
IFP Energies nouvelles (IFPEN) is a public research and training player. It has an international scope, covering the fields of energy, transport and the environment. From research to industry, technological innovation is central to all its activities. As part of the public-interest mission with which it has been tasked by the public authorities, IFPEN focuses on: providing solutions to take up the challenges facing society in terms of energy and the climate, promoting the emergence of a sustainable energy mix; creating wealth and jobs by supporting French and European economic activity, and the competitiveness of related industrial sectors. An integral part of IFPEN, its graduate engineering school prepares future generations to take up these challenges.
About IFP Group Powertrain Technologies
IFP Group Powertrain Technologies is a developer of technological innovations for the mobility of the future. The products and software solutions proposed by IFP Group Powertrain Technologies provide a response to new mobility usages and needs. To address the challenges of evolving mode of travel and urgent climate and environmental issues, IFP Group Powertrain Technologies develops core technologies designed to optimize energy consumption and cut emissions of transport. Its research focuses on the following fields: high-efficiency IC engines, vehicle electrification, fuel optimization & emission reduction and connected vehicle. IFP Group Powertrain Technologies concentrates primarily on land transport, along with industrial applications (off-road, agricultural vehicles) and heavy-duty vehicles, but also on aviation and maritime transport. All of its research is conducted within the context of the IFP Group Powertrain Technologies Transports Energie Carnot Institute, aiming to support research partnerships with industry.
"In the dieper project, IVECO has been assigned the responsibility of base vehicle specifications and its interfaces with other subsystems. IVECO will support vehicle interface for prototyping and testing activity. Iveco’s vision in the outcome of dieper project is to have a mode of transportation that reaches a destination in the most efficient, ecological and safe way; the aim is to design, develop, realize and test new and highly efficient system architecture for Commercial LD vehicles using a modular approach in terms of layout and subsystems. The new architecture will allow the solution applicability to the complete LD product line."
Giovanni Gallardo, Iveco
Iveco is a brand of CNH Industrial N.V., a World leader in Capital Goods listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE: CNHI) and on the Mercato Telematico Azionario of the Borsa Italiana (MI: CNHI). Iveco designs, manufactures and markets a wide range of light, medium and heavy commercial vehicles, off-road trucks, and vehicles for applications such as off-road missions. The brand’s wide range of products include the Daily, a vehicle that covers the 3 – 7 ton vehicle weight segment, the Eurocargo from 6 – 19 tons, the Trakker (dedicated to off-road missions) and the Stralis, both over 16 tons. In addition, the Iveco Astra brand builds off-road trucks, rigid and articulated dumpers as well as special vehicles. Iveco employs close to 21,000 individuals globally. It manages production sites in 7 countries throughout Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania and Latin America where it produces vehicles featuring the latest advanced technologies. 4,200 sales and service outlets in over 160 countries guarantee technical support wherever an Iveco vehicle is at work. IVECO S.p.A. a legal entity duly organised and existing under the laws of Italy with registered office at Via Puglia 35, 10156 Turin, Italy, hereinafter referred to as “IVECO” and legally represented by Elena Barbero.
CMT Motores Térmicos
"During the last 10 years CMT-Motores Térmicos has participated in several EC funded projects, more than 50 projects with National public funding, and more than 200 private contracts on internal combustion engines with more than 20 European companies, and presented successfully more than 60 PhD theses. The knowledge on thermo-fluid dynamic processes in the frame of internal combustion engines gained in these R&D projects provides a valuable support for the development of the task of CMT-Motores Térmicos in the dieper project: the modelling of emissions in transient cycles."
Jaime Martín, CMT
Since 1971, Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV) is a public academic institution which is specialised in both teaching and research activities in the field of Engineering, with more than 2800 academic & research staff and more than 27000 students at this moment. CMT-Motores Térmicos is a very dynamic and internationally well-known research Institute inside the UPV with around 120 persons (including more than 60 professors and researchers, and around 50 laboratory technicians and PhD students), and more than 35 years of experience. Its main research activities are focused on the theoretical-experimental study of all the thermo-fluid dynamic processes in reciprocating internal combustion engines, with the aim of responding to specific demands of the automotive industry.
Ecole Centrale Nantes
Created more than 90 years ago, Ecole Centrale Nantes (ECN) trains versatile engineers to a very high scientific and technical level. A member of the Ecoles Centrales Group (Lille, Lyon, Marseille, Nantes and Paris), Centrale Nantes delivers a teaching programme of the highest quality to rigorously selected students. Our extensive links with the world’s top universities open up international study and research opportunities. The school belongs to one of the most exclusive networks, which is ever expanding, particularly towards India, Japan, Brazil and Russia. With the support of numerous strong institutional and industrial partnerships Centrale Nantes produces worldclass academic and applied research.
The Thermodynamique des Systemes Moteurs (TSM) research team focus on system modelling of internal combustion engines, especially in the fields of combustion, pollutant emissions, gas dynamics and turbomachineries. It works on different simulation softwares and has significant experimental facilities including a vehicle test bench, seven engine test benches (incl. 3 dynamic test benches) and two turbochargers test benches. It is now composed of 3 professors, 2 associate professors, 12 technical staff (engineers and technicians) and also 12 PhD students.
In the project, ECN will contribute to WP2. ECN will perform system modelling of soot formation designed for ECU calibration and for integration of real-time control strategies in engine design processes or ECUs. Several models levels will be created to fit all these needs:
– Mathematics models based on tables
– Mean Value Engine Models
– High Frequency models
To develop and validate the models, ECN will use data from other partners in the project.
"Even though emission standards are becoming stricter and stricter in all parts of the world, there is still some work to do to restrain the effects of generally increasing traffic. As a company of CNH Industrial – “Industry Leader” in the Dow Jones Sustainability Indices (DJSI) World and Europe for the 6th consecutive year – FPT Motorenforschung AG is striving to contribute to the dieper project aiming at a considerable improvement of the combustion/propulsion systems currently in place and including an efficient treatment of exhaust gases in order to further reduce CO2 and NOx emissions."
Peter Krähenbühl - Innovation Center Manager
FPT Motorenforschung AG (FMF) is one of the 7 internal combustion engine research and development centres of FPT Industrial, the brand of CNH Industrial group dedicated to the design, production and sale of powertrains. FPT Motorenforschung AG is involved in the most important and pioneering projects of CNH Industrial’s powertrain segment, with a focus on further improving already existing and developing fundamentally new technologies. FPT Industrial employs some 8,400 people worldwide at 10 plants and 7 R&D centres. The existence of a distribution network of 93 dealers and over 900 service centres ensures FPT Industrial’s presence in around 100 countries. FPT Industrial offers a wide range of propulsion and transmission systems for on- and off-road trucks and commercial vehicles, as well as engines for marine application and power generation. All in all, 6 engine families with a power from 42 to 825 HP and transmissions with maximum torque of 200 up to 500 Nm are available, depending on the customers’ individual requests. This large field of expertise and an important focus on research & development activities make it one of the well-known brands on a worldwide basis in the industrial powertrains sector.
FPT Motorenforschung AG, in Switzerland, is looking back at a long tradition of engine research and production of drive systems. Since its first and foremost activities in the industrial automotive sector in 1903 (at that time under the name “Adolph Saurer AG”), the company has always ensured an internal know-how transfer in order to nourish and cherish its expertise. Nowadays, FPT Motorenforschung takes a leading role among the R&D centres of FPT Industrial when it comes to boosting innovation and development of new technologies on combustion engines for on- and off-road applications. This is how the company is able to stay connected with the market and to equally anticipate technological requirements for the future.
FPT Industrial’s vision is to always be ahead of its competitors on the way to high performance, low fuel consumption and low emission levels of the powertrains in use at the same time as providing its customers with any knowledge and technical support they may require.
In the “dieper” project, FPT Motorenforschung (FMF) will mainly contribute to WP5 (led by Ricardo). In this context, it will be involved in design, layout and testing of mechanical, combustion, air end exhaust aftertreatment systems and controls. Furthermore, FMF will prepare and calibrate engines and systems and install them in a demonstrator vehicle (supplied by Iveco). This vehicle will be calibrated and tested on the FMF roller test bench. The vehicle will also be equipped with a Rapid Prototype Control system and will be suitable to be tested in RDE conditions by an independent institute.
"The dieper project will allow Siemens PLM to increase its simulation tools capabilities to support automotive industry innovation for more sustainable future transportation. We’re proud to be part to such exceptional consortium.”
"Pacôme Magnin - R&D Manager"
Siemens PLM Software is a world-leading provider of product lifecycle management and manufacturing operations management software. We help thousands of companies realize innovation by optimizing their processes, from planning and development through manufacturing, production and support. The Siemens DF PL STS division of Siemens PLM develops and distributes for over 20 years the Imagine.Lab Amesim multi-domain dynamic simulation solutions. The Amesim solutions are used by worldwide automotive OEMs and suppliers to predict the multidisciplinary performance, efficiency and emissions of their systems. The Amesim research and development teams contributing to the Dieper project count over 100 engineers located in Lyon and Roanne, in France.
Virtual Vehicle Research Center
"The project dieper presents a promising approach to extend the knowledge about the troubleshooting towards lower emissions legislation. The reduction of fuel consumption as well as the post EURO 6 emissions and the resulting measurement techniques are seen as very exciting at the Virtual Vehicle and will be assumed with strong motivation."
"Christian Doppler - Researcher"
The Virtual Vehicle Research Center (ViF) was founded in 2002. Since 2008 ViF has been a holding company of the Austrian COMET K2 research program K2-Mobility – Sustainable Vehicle Technologies – an international institution building the bridge between fundamental research and application-oriented vehicle development. This program offers an attractive cooperation and research platform in the vehicle industry. There are more than 200 employees at ViF, almost 90 % of them involved in research projects dealing with automotive and rail applications.
In the dieper project, Virtual Vehicle Research Center has been assigned the work package leader of WP7: Assessment and independent testing. Therefore, ViF is responsible for the evaluation of the output of the DiePeR project. This includes the definition of the baseline vehicles and the measurement procedure, the organization of the measurements of the baseline vehicles as well as of the demonstration cars built in DiePeR. A life cycle analysis will also be performed in WP7.
Inter alia, the area “Thermo- & Fluiddynamics” of the Virtual Vehicle Research Center is specialized in setting up test vehicles, construction of specialized test beds and the set-up of sophisticated measurement methods. It consists of a vast knowledge in vehicle emission measurement and emission legislations.
"Being part of the dieper consortium is an exciting challenge for Continental. Our Powertrain division integrates innovative and efficient powertrain system solutions into vehicles of all categories. The goal is to not only make driving more affordable and environmentally sound, but to increase driving comfort and pleasure as well. With our comprehensive portfolio of gasoline and diesel systems including sensors, actuators and tailor-made electronics through fuel supply systems, engine management and transmission control units down to design solutions for hybrid and electric drives, we offer our customers a full range of systems and components."
Giovanni Avolio, Continental
Continental develops intelligent technologies for transporting people and their goods. As a reliable partner, the international automotive supplier, tire manufacturer, and industrial partner provides sustainable, safe, comfortable, individual, and affordable solutions. In 2014, the corporation generated sales of approximately €34,5 billion with its five divisions, Chassis & Safety, Interior, Powertrain, Tires, and ContiTech. Continental currently employs more than 205.000 people in 53 countries.
The Powertrain division develops and produces efficient system solutions for vehicle powertrains to optimize fuel consumption. The comprehensive range of products includes gasoline and diesel injection systems, engine management and transmission control, including sensors and actuators, exhaust after treatment technologies, fuel supply systems, and components and systems for hybrid and electric drives. Powertrain employs over 34.500 people worldwide. In 2014, it recorded sales of approximately €6,5 billion.
"It is a pleasure working with professionals from key players in the light duty powertrain and vehicle manufacturing sectors. To work with this present, excellent group of companies (among which 2 OEMs, a major engine manufacturer, and five major high end and large component and engineering services suppliers) and knowledge centres is truly inspiring."
'Kathrin Braun, Project Manager'
Since 1994, Uniresearch, an independent grant-consultancy company, has specialised in the startup and management of technology innovations. The company provides high-quality services helping clients find funding opportunities and prepare applications for regional, national, and pan-European grants like the European Commission’s Seventh Framework Program (FP7) and Horizon2020. Uniresearch’s full services support customers throughout each stage of a research and innovation project: from project definition, through consortium-building and proposal writing, to contract negotiation, project execution, and dissemination of results. In fact, Uniresearch customers enjoy a success rate for European grants that is three times higher than the average.